Good soil drainage is essential (doesn’t like “wet feet”). Dwarf Indica (Gumpo) Azalea; Phonetic Spelling rho-doh-DEN-dron er-ee-oh-KAR-pum This plant has high severity poison characteristics. Evergreen azalea is a dense, naturally shapely plant that requires little pruning. Cultivated variety of Azalea. Rhododendron indicum 'Happy Days' Azalea Indica ' Happy Days' Rhododendron indicum 'Happy Days' Azalea Indica ' Happy Days' Rhododendron is a genus of more than 1,000 species and include azaleas. Most varieties are compact and slow growing. Wildlife Value: Members of the genus Rhododendron support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Andrena) cornelli. M.H. Maxim. They definitely prefer acidic soils so make sure you adjust the soil accordingly. This azalea is reportedly winter hardy to 0 degrees F. It is not reliably winter hardy in USDA Zone 6 (including St. Louis) where it must be well mulched and sited in a protected location insulated from winter winds. Leaves acquire reddish tints in winter.Genus name comes from the Greek words rhodo meaning rose and dendron meaning tree. The plant tolerates more sunlight in climates with cool summers, but protection from intense heat and sun is critical in climates with hot, dry summers. New Search "Printer Friendly" Page: More Information: Rhododendron indicum Photo: Rhododendron Species Foundation (ac81-084) Predominant Flower Color: Red. Recommended Add-Ons. The leaves of the smaller azalea are usually pointed and narrow; the leaves of the rhododendron are generally large and leathery. Azalea (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum) same family and same genus. Recommended Add-Ons. The Rhododendron genus contains about 1000 species, of which especially the Satsuki azalea (Rhododendron indicum) and Kurume azalea (Rhododendron kiusianum and Rhododendron kaempferi) are commonly used for Bonsai. Flowers in spring and spot flowers summer/autumn. The azalea used to be considered a separate genus from the rhododendron, but has recently been reclassified. Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. The persistent evergreen … simsii (Planch.) General information about Rhododendron indicum (RHOIN) Japan (Honshu, Kyushu), endemic. Pues aquí os dejo un vídeo en el que quiero compartir con vosotr@s las azaleas satsuki. Sims in Bot. It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. In St. Louis, site this shrub in protected locations, including along walls and foundations that face south. This is Rhododendron sp. Description: Azalea indica ‘Inga’is a wonderful shrub for planting in under light, shade trees where the many flowering pink and white add a seasonal splash of colour. Rhododendron simsii Planch. View gallery. Rhododendron indicum is an Azalea Rhododendron species native to Japan (S & W Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima). Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea (Rhododendron indicum) in the Rhododendrons Database The Top Azaleas and Rhododendrons By dave on April 11, 2015 It's Rhododendrons Celebration Week! Satsuki azalea is a cultivar group of the species Rhododendron indicum, a type of azalea extensively cultivated by the Japanese. $42.00 ( 0 Reviews) ITEM CODE: DT1217AZZ BOTANICAL NAME: Rhododendron indicum AGE: 4 HEIGHT: 8 - 10" Current stock: 0. Rhododendron (including the subsumed genus Azalea) confirms the wide use ofthe term as a geographical descriptor for plants of various species native to the Orient. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'George L. Taber' Rhododendron indicum. A vast genus, it includes Rhododendron indicum hybrids, developed mainly from Japanese species, that are found in South Africa. Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet (=Azalea indica L.) Colour variants: Pink, White, Variegated. Woody, evergreen or deciduous shrub in the Ericaceae family. Azalea Plant Search. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ; Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ. Although Linnaeus in 1753 named a particular plant as Azalea indica (Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet is derived from the Linnean basionym), during the two intervening centuries Flower/Truss Description: Broadly funnel shaped, vivid red to strong reddish orange. ; R. indicum of many authors, in part, not (L.) Sweet. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. The leaves are sometimes glossy, but practically all varieties have some bristly hairs on leaf edges. First and foremost among its reasons for popularity is that it flowers spectacularly. Azalea (Rhododendron simsii) is a shrub that grows to 2 m in height, with 2-3cm long leathery, egg-shaped leaves. It is the type species for the Tsutsusi section and subsection, and was the original Tsutsusi described by Engelbert Kaempfer in Japan in 1712, from the Japanese name Kirishima-tsutsuji. ‘Macrantha’ is a commonly sold cultivar of this species. Synonyms: Azalea indica sens. An eastern or northern exposure also works well. Shallow, fibrous root systems (do not cultivate around plants) will benefit greatly from a mulch (e.g., wood chips, bark or pine needles) to help retain moisture and stabilize soil temperatures. The big, bright red blooms, decorate the landscape in mid-spring. Rhododendron indicum Common Name: Satsuki Azalea. General Information: The azalea is a member of the genus Rhododendron. View gallery. There are hundreds of azalea cultivars. Although too much shade results in sparse, leggy growth, too much sun may scorch or bleach the foliage. Clip off spent flower clusters immediately after bloom as practicable. The variety of flower shapes and especially colours is impressive. Evergreen azalea needs soil that is constantly moist but never soggy, as the shrub is prone to rot in muddy soil. In general, it is best grown in acidic, humusy, organically rich, medium moisture, moisture-retentive but well-drained soils in part shade. Blooms are carried in small clusters of two to five, each flower is 4-5cm across and may be single or double, sometimes with ruffled petals. Evergreen azalea, which prefers climates with cool summers, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. . Mag., t. 1480, not L.; R. indicum var. Azaleas indoors The many cultivars of Rhododendron simsii (often called Rhododendron indicum) are popular pot plants which are brought on, or ‘forced’, in warm, humid conditions for sale at … Developed as a cultivated ornamental in Japan, now widely grown throughout the world as numerous cultivars known as azaleas The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Evergreen azalea, which thrives in acidic soil with a pH of less than 6.5, benefits from addition of generous quantities of organic matter, such as bark chips or pine needles, at planting time. It is native to Japan and has showy hot pink flowers that bloom in mid to late spring, usually 1-2 weeks after R. kiusianum. Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). The first Satsuki azaleas are probably naturally occurring crosses of the two azaleas Rhododendron indicum and Rhododendron tamurae. These plants tend to be grown for their magnificent flowers that come into full bloom in spring time. It is an evergreen which in the wild grows as a small shrub (up to six feet). I will try to send it to Rhododendron expert for species level identity. Show per page. She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. Synonyms: Rhododendron indicum Family: Ericaceae Common name: Azalea Shrub, Azalea indica, Azalea Inga Origin: Southern Indica azaleas (Azalea indica) are actually native to Japan and first introduced into Holland in 1680 but failed to catch on there. A healthy plant in the proper environment with proper care should have limited problems, however. Companion plants include: Trees: Oaks, Magnolias, Japanese Maples, Styrax, Stewartias, Birch and Dogwoods. About Rhododendrons & Azaleas The flowers are tubular-, funnel-, or bell-shaped—and often fragrant. Bloom Time: Late Midseason to Late. Sorry - State Biosecurity laws mean we can't ship these plants to SA, TAS, VIC or WA. Rhododendrons look best when planted in large beds with other rhododendrons, azaleas and suitable companion plants. A 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch, such as oak leaves, pine needles or wood chips, stabilizes soil temperature, keeping the roots cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Satsuki azaleas (Rhododendron indicum) are native to Japan, where the hybrid plants have been both prized and developed for centuries. Transferred from the Greek name for Nerium oleander.Specific epithet means of India but this plant is native to Japan.R. Water immediately to distribute the fertilizer evenly and to prevent scorching the roots. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. How to Grow Evergreen Girard's Rose Azaleas, How to Care for a Potted Freesia After Blooming, How to Care for Otto Luyken Laurel Plants, North Carolina State University Extension: Rhododendron Indicum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron Indicum, EasyBloom: Evergreen Azalea (Rhododendron Indicum), Washington State University Spokane County Extension: Rhododendrons. it is a rheophyte), is disjunct, in contrast to the widespread distribution of its relative, Rhododendron kaempferi. Evergreen azalea benefits from an application of fertilizer when the buds swell in early spring, and again after flowering ends. Sort By. Roots must never be allowed to dry out. To keep the plant compact, pinch the growing tips frequently between the end of blooming and late June or early July. Avoid applying fertilizer after July 1, as fertilizing late in the season stimulates tender new growth that is prone to damage by frost. To keep the shrub tidy and to promote healthy growth, snap off wilted flower clusters regularly throughout the blooming season. It reached America in the 18th century and became popular outdoor landscape plants in the warmer parts of the South. There are more than 1000 Satsuki azaleas. These shrubs prefer climates with adequate rainfall and moist summers. Muy buenas! Satsuki azaleas are mainly cultivated as bonsai because of the immense abundance of flowers. Trim wayward branches and remove dead or damaged growth as needed to maintain a balanced appearance. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. Set Descending Direction. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It prefers a sun dappled or high open shade. Use a fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants, such as a product labeled for azaleas and rhododendrons. Rhododendrons and azaleas are susceptible to many insect and disease problems, including but not limited to canker, crown rot, root rot, leaf spot, rust, powdery mildew, aphids, borers, lacebugs, leafhoppers, mealybugs, mites, nematodes, scale, thrips and whitefly. In general, Satsuki varieties are late flowering (May-June) with 3-10cm large flowers. 21 Items . Although rhododendrons are more spectacular than azaleas, their smaller cousins, azalea hybrids are more popular locally as they are better suited to our climate. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. Bonsai Pro Fertilizer 8 oz - $14.00 Bonsai Beginners Course - $29.99 8" Pruning Shears - $17.00 Humidity Tray 11" - $11.00 Qty: Share: Add to Bag Description … 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Satsuki azaleas bonsai (Rhododendron indicum) belong to the group of hardy outdoor bonsai trees and should therefore be kept outdoors. Inflorescence 1-2 flowered. Azalea bonsai care in a nutshell: Fertilisation: Fertilize liberally from March to September with bonsai fertilizer for azaleas, Irrigation: Do not keep too dry. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. The soil should dry somewhat between each watering to promote air circulation around the roots, but the roots should never become totally dry. A layer of mulch helps keep the soil moist while conserving water. Although evergreen azalea requires constant moisture, well-draining soil is critical as the plant doesn't tolerate wet roots. The difference between Satsuki and Azalea is determined by the time when new shoots grow out, the flowering time, the size of flowers, and the gloss of leaves. The distribution of the woody species Rhododendron indicum, which grows along rivers and is able to withstand water flow when rivers flood (i.e. Evergreens: Pines, Dwarf Conifers, all Broadleaf Evergreens. Ideal pot plant for shaded balconies. It is native to the mountains of Japan. Rhododendron indicum AGE: 8 HEIGHT: 12 - 14" Current stock: 0. This plant is moderately salt tolerant. Where winter hardy, grow in mass, in groups or as specimens in shrub borders, mixed borders, woodland gardens and shade gardens. Poor drainage inevitably leads to root rot, therefore raised beds/plantings should be considered in heavy clay soils such as those present in much of the St. Louis area. It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. Water the plant deeply to saturate the roots, and then withhold water until the top of the soil feels slightly dry to the touch. Attached is a picture of a white Rhododendron/Azalea from Ooty Botanical Garden captured in November 2013. An evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub 3 to 8 ft high in the wild; young shoots clad with appressed, flattened, forward-pointing hairs. Acidify soils as needed. The azalea, genus Rhododendron indictum, is one of the most sought after and satisfying of all bonsai subjects. Evergreen Azaleas, (sometimes called Japanese azaleas) keep their leaves in winter, and typically grow to 40-80cm (18"-30") in 10 years. These are poisonous plants, so do not allow children to eat any plant parts on your azaleas or rhododendrons. Azaleas don't like alkaline soils, wet feet, or root disturbance - so mulch around them to avoid digging into their fine roots. As it decomposes, mulch enriches the soil and helps to maintain the proper pH. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'Red Bird' Rhododendron indicum. Both are members of the Rhododendron family. Evergreen compact shrub about 60-90cm (23-35 inch) tall that thrives in acidic soils. Description Southern Indian Azalea is a small semi-evergreen shrub that grows up to 6' and is dense and spreading. See below Description. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. 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